Ubiquitous Computing and Library Futures

I was intrigued by a talk on ubiquitous computing (Ubicomp) and library futures, and I was not disappointed. Chris Peters, Technical Analyst at Techsoup, and Michael Porter, Community Project Manager at WebJunction, gave us a fascinating glimpse into the future. They define Ubicomp as “a model of human-computer interaction in which information processing has been thoroughly integrated into everyday objects and activities. You can also think of it as computing and information access happening when and where we need it.

It’s no secret that computers have become pervasive in our society, but what is equally obvious is that it has been in an intrusive way. We have been forced to focus on the technology and how to use it, and often that causes us to lose the focus on why we employed the technology in the first place. Ubicomp will be enabled by “calm” technology that is everywhere but effectively invisible. It will not intrude on our focus. The computer will serve you rather than you serving the computer. Some examples include RFID chips in books, an umbrella that flows to indicate when rain or snow is forecast (so you remember to take it with you), and telephony by cell phones (you just turn them on and make your call). Trends and technologies that will drive Ubicomp include:
  • Cheap information processing, cheap memory and storage
  • Wireless networking
  • Interoperability and open standards
  • Universal addressability (every device will have an IP address)
  • Sensors (light level, sound level, temperature, etc.)
  • Location awareness (an example from Wikipedia
For more details, click here.   
 
Don Hawkins
Columnist, Information Today and IL 2008 Blog Coordinator

 

3 Responses to “Ubiquitous Computing and Library Futures”

  1. Ubiquitous Computing and Communication Journal October 26, 2008 at 9:18 pm #

    Recent Wireless Wave in Component base Integrated Control Systems for the Textile Industry
    Author(s): Sohail Shazad

    Future applications and platforms will be context-sensitive, adaptive, personalized and need to be run, in a reasonable and secure manner, on variety of execution environments: anywhere, anyhow, anytime, by anyone. Textile industry in the world is growing, as we advance into the knowledge age, objects and material technology will disappear into our material environment, turning unintelligent objects into active and intelligent. The market has also been boosted by changes in consumer lifestyles. This study addresses an emerging recent advance new field of research that combines the strengths and capabilities of electronics and textiles in one, electronics and information and wireless communication technologies will give rise to the area of intelligent textile. Success of wireless communications and mobile devices are stressing the need for the development of mobility-aware services and use them anywhere, anyhow, anytime, by anyone. Need to design middleware architecture to ease mobility-aware service development, and develop new systems which monitor any machine, anywhere, anyhow, anytime, by anyone. Using wireless technology and machine data may be accessed from anywhere, anyhow, anytime, by anyone in the Wireless-World.

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    Users-Grid: A Unique and Transparent Grid-Operating System
    Author(s): Raihan Ur Rasool

    Grid computing, which emerged as a result of rapid development in high speed networking is regarded as the prototype of next-generation cyber infrastructure for science. It enabled collective use of globally distributed resources and came up as a huge problem-solving environment. Besides the inherent challenges of distributed computing, it presents some new challenges including, how the research professionals, who are not computer expert and normal users who just want to get benefit from Grid without taking care of its complexities can be motivated to adopt new and more complex way of working. In this paper we have presented our idea and architecture of ‘Users-Grid’. Utilizing Agent Technology and with its Service-Oriented architecture it will provide computing power transparently and easily. It gives the feature of true virtualization. It will be helpful to not only research communities and academia but also to business users.

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    An overview of Geographic Restriction Mobility Models
    Author(s): Ibrahim Khider, Wang Furong, Yin ., Sacko –

    In this paper, we present and visit the limitation of Random mobility model, the unconstraint motion of mobile node. Mobile nodes, in the Random Waypoint and Random walk mobility models, are allowed to move freely and randomly anywhere in the simulation field. However, in most real life applications, we observe that a node’s movement is subject to the environment. In particular, the motions of vehicles are bounded to the freeways or local streets in the urban area, and on campus the pedestrians may be blocked by the buildings and other obstacles. Therefore, the nodes may move in a pseudo-random way on predefined pathways in the simulation field. Some recent works address this characteristic and integrate the paths and obstacles into mobility models. We call this kind of mobility model a mobility model with geographic restriction.

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    A Fast and Efficient Strategy for Sub-mesh Allocation with Minimal Allocation Overhead in 3D Mesh Connected Multicomputers
    Author(s): Saad Bani

    This paper presents a fast and efficient contiguous allocation strategy for 3D mesh multicomputers, referred to as Turning Busy List (TBL for short), which can identify a free sub-mesh of the requested size as long as it exists in the mesh system. Turning means that the orientation of the allocation request is changed when no sub-mesh is available in the requested orientation. The TBL strategy relies on a new approach that maintains a list of allocated sub-meshes to determine all the regions consisting of nodes that cannot be used as base nodes for the requested sub-mesh. These nodes are then subtracted from the right border plane of the allocated sub-meshes to find the nodes that can be used as base nodes for the required sub-mesh size. Results fromextensive simulations under a variety of system loads confirm that the TBL strategy incurs much less allocation overhead than all of the existing contiguous allocation strategies for 3D mesh multicomputers and delivers competitive performance in terms of parameters such as the average turnaround times and system utilization. Moreover, the time complexity of the TBL strategy is much lower than that of the existing strategies.

    Copyright © UBICC.ORG All rights reserved.

  2. Ubiquitous Computing and Communication Journal October 26, 2008 at 4:27 pm #

    Special Issue on Ubiquitous Computing Security Systems

    We are seeking research papers, technical reports, dissertation etc for these interdisciplinary areas. The goal of the UBICC journal is to publish the most recent results in the development of system aspects of ubiquitous computing. Researchers and practitioners working in this area are expected to take this opportunity to discuss and express their views on the current trends, challenges, and state of the art solutions addressing various issues in this area.

    Topics of Interest

    Topics of interest include, but are not limited to

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    Privacy concerns in Ubiquitous Computing Systems
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    Trust concerns in Ubiquitous Computing Systems
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    Design principles of secure context-aware applications
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    Adaptation of secure input and output to the situation
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    How does security address the legal and ethical issues in emerging ubiquitous computing systems?
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    Tools and techniques for designing, developing, implementing, and evaluating ubiquitous computing systems
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    Challenges in building secure Ubiquitous Computing Systems for health, academic institutions, and other applications

    Important Dates

    Paper submission deadline: 01 November, 2008
    Notification of Paper acceptance: 15 December, 2008
    Camera-ready paper submission: 01 February, 2009

    For More Information
    Managing Editor: Usman Tariq, Ajou UniversityUsman Tariq
    email: usman— attherate —– ubicc.org
    Visit Us: http://www.ubicc.org
    Phone: +1-347-4149239
    FAX: +1-212-901-6990

  3. Ubiquitous Computing and Communication Journal October 26, 2008 at 4:26 pm #

    UBICC, the Ubiquitous Computing and Communication Journal [ISSN 1992-8424], is an international scientific and educational organization dedicated to advancing the arts, sciences, and applications of information technology. With a world-wide membership, UBICC is a leading resource for computing professionals and students working in the various fields of Information Technology, and for interpreting the impact of information technology on society.